Πώς έμοιαζαν πριν το πόλεμο 5 χώρες [ανάμεσά τους και η Κύπρος]

Μεγάλες εικόνες από την Κύπρο, την Παλαιστίνη, τη Συρία, το Ιράν και το Ιράκ, πριν ισοπεδωθούν και καταστραφούν από τη μανία του πολέμου, των όπλων και των αρμάτων.

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Η 21η Σεπτεμβρίου έχει καθοριστεί από τον ΟΗΕ ως η Παγκόσμια Ημέρα Ειρήνης με σκοπό να δυναμώσει τα ιδανικά της ειρήνης και της μη βίας ανάμεσα στα έθνη.

Ωστόσο, την ίδια ώρα που σε πολλά κράτη γιορτάζουν με εκδηλώσεις και τιμούν την «Ειρήνη», σε κάποια άλλα παιδιά πεθαίνουν καταλάθος από συμμαχικά πυρά την ώρα που πάνε στο σχολείο, οικογένειες ξεκληρίζονται και ολόκληρες πόλεις, μνημεία και περιουσίες γίνονται ερείπια από βόμβες και εκρηκτικά.

Είναι εύκολο να ξεχνάς και να υποτιμάς τη σημασία της ειρήνης και της ελευθερίας όταν στον τόπο που ζεις την έχεις δεδομένη. Όταν δεν ξέρεις ή έχεις ξεχάσει όλα εκείνα τα δεινά που επιφέρει ένας πόλεμος. Την καταστροφή, το θάνατο, τον πόνο.

Έχοντας κατά νου αυτό, και συζητώντας για το τι θα μπορούσαμε να κάνουμε για τη σημερινή ημέρα, σκεφτήκαμε να αποφύγουμε να προβάλουμε για ακόμη μια φορά αποκρουστικές εικόνες με τραυματισμένα ή σκοτωμένα παιδιά, μητέρες που σπαράζουν και άντρες διαμελισμένους.

Όταν επικρατεί ειρήνη σε ένα μέρος, υπάρχει ομορφιά, υπάρχουν χαμόγελα, υπάρχει χαρά. Για τη σημερινή ημέρα, λοιπόν, επιλέξαμε να θυμηθούμε πώς ήταν 5 χώρες πριν η μανία του πολέμου τις σκοτώσει.



Συρία, Χαλέπι

Εικόνες: theatlantic.com


Ιράν 1970, πριν την Ισλαμική Επανάσταση

An octagonal swimming pool at the guest house of the Iranian National Oil Company near Ahwaz  provides relief when the temperatures rise above 100 degrees, pictured here in July 1971

The 1979 revolution saw the ousting of king Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the instalment of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a shift that would have long-lasting and far reaching implications. Above, the  Royal Square Meydan-i-Shah with the Royal Mosque in Ishafan, pictured in the 1970s. Many popular historic attractions had their names changed after the revolution

A mother was seen shopping for her young son in the children's section of a Tehran department store in 1971. Since the mid-1990s, there has been a gradual relaxation in the dress code despite continued campaigns to enforce it. But society has yet to revive the practice of showing off fashionable looks and the latest haircut, as seen in these pictures, on the country's streets

Under Pahlavi, there was a widespread censorship of the press. He repressed political dissent - and the crackdown on communists and Islamists led to many being imprisoned and tortured. Pictured above, a wedding photo in Iran in 1970

The Shah's determination to showcase an increasingly liberal and modern front to the world and ban on religious garments frustrated traditionalists in Iran. Pictured above, a couple dine in Tehran in the 1960s

When King Reza Shah Pahlavi came into power, he encouraged education - including higher education - for the entire population. Pictured above, students at Tehran's National University not long before the 1979 revolution

The photos are a far cry at what women faced in the 19th Century, and vastly different from what life in Iran is like today. Pictured above, an Iranian music group at a party in 1970

After women faced having very few rights in the 19th Century, the Iranian women’s movement was established in 1910. By the 1930s, the movement took off as King Reza Shah Pahlavi came into power. Pahlavi believed the headscarf suppressed women and banned the hijab, and granted women the right to vote and an increasing number joined the workforce. Pictured above, street fashion in Tehran in the 1970s

The 1979 Iranian revolution saw the ousting of the Shah and the installment of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini - a shift that would have long-lasting and far-reaching implications. Pictured above, skiers in Tehran in the 1970s

 After the Islamic revolution took place, the women’s rights movement regressed. Wearing the hijab was enforced, and many of the rights they had been granted were withdrawn. Pictured above, a group of people in Iran, circa 1970

 A colourful aerial view of Vali Ahd Square, also known as Meydan e Vali Ahd, in Tehran in 1971

All all-female Iranian pop group - dressed in crop tops and flared pants, posed for a promo shots ahead of a tour in 1974. The photos were all taken in Iran before the Islamic Revolution, which saw the ousting of King Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the installment of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini - a shift that would have long-lasting and far reaching implications

Colourful VW Beetles career down tree-lined Pahlavi avenue, which leads to Vali Ahd Square, in the 1960s

Under the Shah, Iranians enjoyed the luxury of new colleges, universities and libraries. Secondary schools were free for all and financial support was extended to university students. Pictured above, a group of young people in Iran, circa 1970

The Family Protection Act gave women greater rights such as allowing divorce and banning marriage under the age of 15. At the time, men and women mixed freely. Pictured above, Miss Iran 1978 contestants paddle on a lake at Donya-ye Khorram park in Tehran, Iran

In a 70s street scene that could have been easily taken in the United States, Iranian youths in flares socialise on a sidewalk 

 Stylish locals from the 70s pose together in front of a shop in high-waisted flares and wide collared shirts

In 2015, following a historic nuclear deal and the lifting of economic sanctions against Iran by the West, many travel industry experts have pointed to the epic scenery and rich cultural attractions of the country as ripe for tourist exploration this year. Pictured above, the Shemshak ski resort in 1971

Πηγή: dailymail.co.uk



Ιράκ, δεκαετία 50' 

Iraq 1950s


Iraq 1950s

Iraq 1950s

Iraq 1950s

Iraq 1950s


Πηγή: businessinsider.com



Παλαιστίνη, δεκαετία 30'

This photograph shows the view looking north toward the center of Jerusalem, Palestine, on Nov. 22, 1945. The Avenue is called Julians Way. (AP Photo) Ref #: PA.3946707 Date: 22/11/1945

Jerusalem'’s main street inter-section-Zion Square, on Nov. 28, 1945. (AP Photo) Ref #: PA.9933840 Date: 28/11/1945

Dr. Walter X. Lehmann, left, and Dr. Kurt L. Brunsfeld, right, vaccinate two unidentifed women for smallpox April 14,1947, as others await their turn in New York City Health Department building. Crowds turned out after Health Commissioner Israel Weinstein's radio plea that the public be vaccinated. His plea came after nine cases, incuding two fatalities, were reported. (AP Photo/Tony Camerano) Ref #: PA.7523885 Date: 14/04/1947

Some of the orphans whose parents died in German concentration camps are among the 500 youngsters who arrived in Haifa, Palestine from Cyprus internment camps, Aug. 21, 1947. The children were allowed to enter Palestine under the legal immigration quota. (AP Photo/Jim Pringle) Ref #: PA.5737191 Date: 21/08/1947

Typical group of women of the holy land who, as in the time of the old testament, carry water from the wells on their heads in quaint, home-made vessels of clay. They dress, too, much in the same way as the women did in the time of Christ. This group on the Mount of Olives, in Jerusalem, on Sept. 1, 1938. (AP Photo) Ref #: PA.11202016 Date: 01/09/1938

Great civil disturbances, eventually quelled by police and troops, ended a Jewish demonstration against the British proposals for the future of Palestine. One policeman was killed. Jews rushing for cover from before the baton charge of the police during the quelling of the disturbances in Jerusalem, Israel, on May 18, 1939. Note the spectators from the balcony on the left. (AP Photo) Ref #: PA.10878635 Date: 18/05/1939

The Mount of Olives, Jerusalem, on Jan. 19, 1939, where Christ often prayed and meditated. The Garden of Gethsemane, where Christ was betrayed by Judas. This whole section of the holy city breathes of the Bible and of the life and times of Jesus. (AP Photo) Ref #: PA.11142789 Date: 19/01/1939

Palestine has been the scene of much death and destruction during the past two years, consequent on the conflict between Arab and Jew, and Jerusalem the holy city has not escaped from scenes of violence. The famous Damascus gate of Jerusalem, scene of many incidents that have affected the history of Jerusalem and Palestine on Jan 18, 1939. This leads from the new city to the old quarter and is regarded by both factions as of strategic importance. (AP Photo) Ref #: PA.11140507 Date: 18/01/1939

A scene on the Jericho road looking towards the multiple-domed Church of All Nations. Rising above it can be seen the Russian church of St. Mary Magdalen with its gilt cupolas, in Jerusalem, Israel, on Nov. 27, 1945. (AP Photo) Ref #: PA.10084994 Date: 27/11/1945

Πηγή: flashbak.com



Κύπρος, πριν από το 1974

 one or more people, sky and outdoor

 2 people, people standing, outdoor and food

 ocean, sky, cloud, beach, outdoor, water and nature

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 one or more people, sky and outdoor

Πηγή; Google/CITY/Retro Cyprus